Saudi energy minister Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman said on Sunday the impact of European sanctions on Russian crude oil and price cap measures "did not bring clear results yet" and its implementation was still unclear.
The Group of 7 price cap on Russian seaborne oil came into effect Dec. 5 as the West tries to limit Moscow's ability to finance its war in the Ukraine.
Russia has said it would not abide by the measure even if it has to cut its production.
"What is happening now in terms of sanctions and price caps imposed and all of it really did not bring clear results, including measures implemented on Dec. 5, we see a state of uncertainty in implementation," Prince Abdulaziz told a forum held following the country's 2023 budget announcements.
Prince Abdulaziz said Russia's reaction and what actions it would take in response to these tools was another aspect that needed to be taken into consideration when looking at the state of play in global markets.
"These tools were created for political purposes and it is not clear yet whether they can achieve these political purposes," he said, referring to the price cap.
Other factors affecting the market going into 2023 include China's COVID
-19 policies. The impact on China's economy from easing Covid
restrictions still "needs time", he said.
Central banks' actions to tame inflation were also still a factor.
"Central banks are still preoccupied with managing inflation, no matter the cost of these measures and their possible negative impact on global economic growth."
The OPEC+ alliance decision to cut production by 2 million barrels per day on Oct. 5 was proven to be the correct one when recent developments are taken into consideration, he said.
The alliance, which groups together members of The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies including Russia, last met on Dec. 4 and decided to keep output unchanged amid a weakening economy and uncertainty over how the Russian price cap would affect the market.
Separately on Sunday, Saudi foreign minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud told a policy conference in Abu Dhabi that oil prices have "to be fair to consumers and suppliers" to ensure producers invest in building spare output capacity.
The Saudi energy minister told the forum in Riyadh that OPEC+ would continue to focus on market stability in the year ahead.
Prince Abdulaziz also said he insisted that OPEC+ involve all members in decisions.
"Group action requires agreement and therefore I continue to insist that every OPEC+ member, whether a big or small producer...be a part of decision-making," he said. "Consensus has positive implications on the market."